BP donation to India via BASE:
"BP Solar USA is donating over $1 million worth of solar modules to BASE (Basel Agency for Sustainable Energy), who in turn are dispatching them to rural and semi-rural areas of India where over 60 per cent of the population is without electricity. The solar systems will be used for water pumping, lighting and for powering telecommunications services including cyber cafes." Contact info for BASE director provided in the article. 11:11:32 PM
INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY APPLIED TO THE MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS
: Useful essays by John A. Daly that include an inventory of IT applications in development, specifically linked to Millenium Goals. Especially useful for its summary of MDG and the specific measurements associated with each Goal. "The Millennium Development Goals (MDG) provide a vision of development: one in which development reduces the number of poor in the world and specifically targets the worst aspects of poverty. The Goals were set forth in the Millennium Declaration of the United Nations, and increasingly influence the policies of governments and development assistance agencies." 10:20:36 PM
World Bank ICT Toolkit
: A checklist for project structures when getting multilateral grants. "This toolkit directly addresses the basics of planning, designing and supervising "e" (or ICT) components of WBGroup projects in other sectors and discusses good practices for project management, procurement (goods and services); and implementation. At a time when the average investment lending operation in all sectors includes an ICT component of at least 10% of the total loan (much higher figures for HD and PREM projects where ICT can make up to 60% of some projects); the Toolkit's objective is to raise awareness, increase design and output quality; and enhance the monitoring and evaluation of ICT components in our portfolio." 10:15:30 PM
Digital Business Ecosystems in Developing Countries: Brief summary of key concept in development of advanced industries. "In biological systems some capabilities cannot emerge prior to others.. Biologists sometimes call the rules governing such relationships “assembly rules,” that is, the rules affecting the assembly, in sequence and over time, of ecosytems. This notion of assembly rules has just begun to be applied to economic development, but it holds great promise. ..
In our study in Ghana, the ground of the digital business ecosystem was fertile with well-educated entrepreneurs—most of whom had studied and lived abroad for some time—who were willing to return to Ghana after the establishment of a democratic government—the first in more than two decades—in 2001. Once in Ghana they were able to connect to a highly competent dial-up ISP, which in turn was connected to the worldwide Internet by a reasonably high-speed satellite service, funded in part by the US government development assistance. Working with this base, and in a legal climate that allowed for the introduction of a variety of digital businesses—most without specific licensing hurdles—a small but thriving digital business community established itself.
The excitement and vitality of this community attracted international notice. This community, however, is only the pioneering phase of what could be a much larger and richer digital ecosystem in Ghana. However, the next phase in succession requires a number of capabilities that are not now present—ranging from reliable electric power, to affordable high bandwidth interconnection both within Ghana and across the seas. In addition, Ghana has limited expertise in financing and coaching the leadership of digital businesses.. The banking culture oriented to lending based on physical assets—and little experience with equity investments in knowledge-based businesses. Finally, the government has dabbled in digital policy making and telecommunications reform, but has not made either clear strategies nor appointed leaders who have the respect of the digital business or investor community. The result is a high level of uncertainty about the policy and legal environment. All of the above limitations were tolerable by pioneering businesses—but they make it difficult for those enterprises and others like them to scale up, expand, and diversify. " More by these authors on this topic is online. Also, there are additional perspectives on IT, development, and politics in a recent Harvard Law course syllabus. 9:13:21 AM