Sri Lanka government focus on renewables
: "The National Council for Economic Development (NCED) has put together the top energy experts in the country to find ways of harnessing Sri Lanka' s energy resources by forming a "Renewable Energy Cluster" under the NCED Secretariat. .. Director of NCED Rohantha Athukorala said 'To insulate the country from devastating price surges in international oil markets, Sri Lanka must increase self reliance in energy and improve energy diversity. In 2004, the nation relied on imported diesel based thermal power to meet 56% of its requirements. .. The team's objective is to develop a national strategy to exploit indigenous renewable energy resources - namely hydro, dendro, wind and solar - for both grid-connected and off-grid generation. " While the emphasis is on indigenous renewables, cheap imported coal is also mentioned as an alternative. I recall a recent UNEP study
mapping large wind resources in Sri Lanka. 8:53:01 AM
Geothermal use statistics: "There is 8,932 MW of installed power capacity in 24 countries, generating 56,951 GWh per year of green power.. For direct use geothermal (including earth energy heat pumps), the global total from 72 countries is 28,268 MW, providing 75,943 GWh a year of thermal energy."
The top producers of geothermal electric power include many developing countries. For power, the top 10 include the Philippines (1,931 MW for 9,419 GWh), Mexico (953 / 6,282), Indonesia (797 / 6,085), Costa Rica (163 / 1,145) and Kenya (129 MW / 1,088 GWh/year). For direct heat without heat pumps, they include China, Turkey, Hungary, Brazil and Russia. For direct heat with heat pumps, only China is in the top 10.
"Over the past five years, 1,000 MW of geothermal electric capacity has been commissioned, as well as 13,000 MW of thermal capacity in direct use geothermal, most of which has been in earth energy heat pumps, according to the report. Growth in the power industry has increased 2.9% a year while direct use has increased 13.2% annually in capacity and 7.5% in energy produced." With rising prices for natural gas, the growth rate is expected to increase. 8:46:43 AM